Wm.Berczy was a ‘wife’ in a Turkish sultan’s harem

bellBerczy Park behind the Flatiron Building (Front, Wellington and Church Sts) has a very confusing sounding name which over the years I have heard pronounced a few different ways, including Bear-ski, Bear-tzee and Berk-see.

However one of the men responsible for the park’s creation some 30 years ago, the late great developer Philip Greey, once told me to think of a bear on skis, hence Bear-ski, and that’s the pronunciation I pass on to others.

This tranquil inner-city park with its gushing fountain and prominent pine trees is named for a man who was just as enigmatic as the pronunciation of his namesake park.

William von Berczy, born Joann Albrecht Ulich von Moll in 1744, was one of six children born to a rich nobleman in Saxony. The von Molls moved to Vienna where young William dutifully studied art and architecture but his passion was for adventure and by the age of 22 was working as a spy in Poland.

As legend has it, by the time Russia invaded Poland, Berczy had escaped to Turkey where, disguised as a woman, he found employment in the harem of the sultan.

Maybe the sultan had too many women and never noticed him, but our hero managed to live amongst them for a year, working in the kitchens, after which he was bought by Hungarian bandits and went on to live with them in a cave for six months.

By 1791, after living on his wits, he decided to get into the people-smuggling business. In the latter part of the 18th-century Germans weren’t allowed to leave their country so William, using an empty ship as a decoy, gathered 60 German families and sailed for the New World.

He settled first in Genesee County and in 1792 arrived here in Upper Canada with his German families where he was granted what would become Markham Township for settlement.


aug2John Graves Simcoe, our first lieutenant governor, also promised Berczy 64,000 acres of land near the Rouge River and in return Berczy was to lengthen Yonge Street (first begun by Simcoe’s Rangers) north to the Holland Marsh.

Famine, malaria and numerous injuries slowed progress and when Berczy failed to finish the job on time Simcoe refused to pay him and demanded that all of Berczy land be sold off with the money going to the government.

Thus the man who cleared the land for the original 10-block Town of York site, constructed 35 of the original 40 houses and built the first bridge across the Don River was penniless and thrown into debtor’s prison. After his release Berczy and wife Charlotte, together with their two sons William and Charles, left for Montreal where he managed to eke out a living as an artist.

It was then that William Berczy became one of the finest Canadian portrait painters of his time with his most famous painting that of Joseph Brant (c1807) the great Mohawk leader that hangs today in the National Gallery in Ottawa.

In 1811, Berczy went to New York City to try and sell his manuscript The Statistical Account of Canada, a book he had been working on for the past 20 years. In late 1812 while still in New York he went missing where some say he was murdered over a bad debt or in a deal gone wrong or maybe the sultan’s men had finally caught up to him.

Berczy died in 1813 and was buried in the Trinity Church cemetery in Manhattan (the church served as a refuge during the 9/11 attacks). However a few years after his death his widow Charlotte had his coffin dug up but all that was in it were rocks and stones.

To this day, no one knows what really happened to him but his marker is still there at Trinity Church alongside Alexander Hamilton (George Washington’s Secretary of the Treasury who died as a result of his infamous duel with Aaron Burr) and Robert Fulton, the inventor of the first commercially successful steamboat.

Eventually his sons moved back to Toronto where eldest son William Bent Berczy became a member of the town council.

In March of 1834, it was William Bent who first proposed that the Town of York, now on the brink of becoming a city, should revert back to being called Toronto because, “It is the old, original name of the place and the sound is in every respect much better.”

Ironically, it was Simcoe 41 years earlier who decided that the name Toronto was “too Indian-sounding” and had it changed to the more British-sounding York.

Younger son Charles became the founder of Consumers Gas and on Dec. 28, 1841 lit the first street lamp in front of what is now the Flatiron Building, bringing Toronto out of the dark ages.

Today, William Berczy is remembered as the founder of Unionville. Ont., where parks, schools, streets and even an entire community Berczy Village bear his name. There’s also the Markham Berczy Settlers Association dedicated to those forebears who came with William to that part of the province.

A small street next to the King Edward Hotel was once named Berczy Lane but later changed to Leader Lane after the 19th-century newspaper The Leader, which had its offices there.

It took almost 200 years for Downtown Toronto to pay tribute to the Berczy family with the opening of Berczy Park in 1975, on land that during most of the 19th and 20th centuries was filled with banks, warehouses, stores and hotels.

By the time the 1960s rolled around these once-elegant structures were slowly crumbling into dust and were eventually demolished making room for a massive parking lot. In the mid 1970s when plans for the re-development of the parking lot were announced, an enormous 3-level parking garage with a green park on the top level was proposed. If it weren’t for the protests emerging from local heritage-minded developers like the late Philip Greey—then witnessing firsthand the destruction of the Old Town—that hideous structure rather than the tranquil Berczy Park was almost built instead.